Karnak Temple

The Karnak Temple

Karnak Temple is considered one of the most important and largest Egyptian temples, as it is located on the eastern side of the Nile River in Luxor. Stages of building Karnak Temple Construction operations began during the reign of King Conesret I, one of the most famous kings of the Middle Kingdom, and the builders were followed by pharaohs and kings of Egypt over the course of hundreds of years until the Roman era. 

 

Karnak Temple Complex 

The Karnak Temple Complex is considered one of the largest ancient religious sites in the world, as it consists of eleven temples and was dedicated to the worship of the divine trinity “Amun Ra”, his wife Mut, and his son Khonsu. reason of calling it Karnak Temple, it was given this name, a distortion of the word Khorang, which means fortified village at that time

 

Features of Karnak Temple

Karnak Temple is distinguished by the presence of ten edifices that were built by successive Egyptian kings over hundreds of years. The most famous of them is King Tuthmosis I, who built the fourth and fifth edifices, Queen Hatshepsut, who built the eighth edifice, and King Horemheb, who built the second, ninth, and tenth edifices. 

 

Obelisk of Queen Hatshepsut 

There are also several famous obelisks inside the Karnak Temple, often covered with hieroglyphic inscriptions. The most important of these is the Obelisk of Queen Hatshepsut. The obelisk is more than 29 meters long and weighs  about 320 Tons.

 

Also, one of the most important features of the Karnak Temple is the phenomenon of the sun perpendicular to the main axis of the Temple of Amun Ra, which falls on December 21 of every year, making it a tourist attraction to which tourists from all over the world flock to explore ancient Egyptian civilization. 

 

The sacred lake in Karnak Temple

The sacred lake in Karnak Temple takes the shape of a rectangle and is lined with stone, and there is a ladder to reach the water. One of the most important features of the Holy Lake is that the water does not dry up throughout the year. Even the water level has remained constant without increase or decrease for more than three thousand years, as it is eighty meters long and forty meters wide, which makes it a major tourist attraction.

 

The Karnak Temple remains the best witness and evidence of the greatness of the Pharaonic civilization, with its secrets and wonders. Every stone, column, and obelisk remains evidence of the secrets of that civilization. The deeper you delve into the temple, the more you feel the greatness of the place and the secrets it contains that remain a witness to the beauty of this place.

 

 

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